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Alphabetical by author,  books with a # symbol, denotes the link is to a digitised online version


Miller J., 1998. The Spice Trade of the Roman Empire 29BC to AD 641. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

#Pliny the Elder, c77-79. Natural History. Bostock, J., 1855 translation. London. Taylor and Francis.#


Manniche, L., 2006.  An Ancient Egyptian Herbal.  Revised edition. London: British Museum Press.

#Unknown. circa 1550BC. The Papyrus Ebers. Translated from the German version by Cyril P. Bryan. Chicago: Ares Publishers. (early 20th C undated)#


#Dioscorides, 50-70. De materia medica. Osbaldeston, T., Modern English translation 2000. Johannesburg: Ibidis Press.#

Pitman, V., 2006. The nature of the whole, holism in Ancient Greek and Indian medicine, New Delhi: Motilal Barnasidass.

Totelin, L., 2009. Hippocratic Recipes: Oral and Written Transmission of Pharmacological Knowledge in Fifth- and Fourth-Century Greece. Leiden: Brill.

Totelin, L., & Hardy, G., 2015. Ancient Botany. Science of Antiquity. London: Routledge.